Derivations is the process of converting one grammatical aspect into another, by changing the suffix of the word given. As a general rule, we start with the root word, mainly a verb or a noun. By adding an ending, you change the grammatical function of the word. To a certain extent, the meaning of the word is altered as well.
Looking at the title of this article, we see that the root word create can be altered at least five times. The root word is the verb. Creator is the personal noun. Creation is the processional noun. Creative is the adjective and by adding an –ly at the end of that word, it’s an adverb.
Our focus is on three of the most important aspects of derivation: verb, noun and adjective form for each conversion has its own set of rules. Have a look at the tables below:
The nouns vary for there are four different forms, including one between personal and processional nouns, as seen in the acitivites per link here.
Activity 1: Conversion There are three different tables. Look at each word in the table and find its grammatical equivalent. An example in each table is given.
Activity 2: Fill-in/ Multiple Choice Choose the right word to complete each sentence
- I cannot trust my colleague. He is (unreliable/ unrely).
- Her behavior is too (destruction/ destructive).
- The students had a chance to (criticize/ critical) the examiners over their score.
- The presenter was very (communicative/communication) to his audience.
- The (elimination/ eliminative) of the department will cost the company 30 jobs.
- The railroad (state/ station) is on the left side of the street.
- An (analysis/ analyse) from the doctor revealed that you have a tumor.
- Using hate speech in school is grounds for (dismiss/ dismissal). Note: Grounds for dismissal is the same is being fired/canned/terminated from your job)
- The person, who rolled the truck into the garage, said it was (accident/ accidental).
- The car is a (valued/valuable) asset to this family.
Activity 3: Now for an even bigger challenge- Using the root word in parenthesis, complete the sentence using either the verb, adjective or noun form. The topic is how to prepare for a test in class.
- _______________ is the key when you have a big test coming up. (prepare)
- It is important to __________ notes and pay _____________ to the teacher in class. (take/ attend).
- Sometimes it helps to have a _______________ outline so that better understand the _____________ of the topic. (structure/ complex)
- Sometimes, attending a ______________ will help you with questions that are hard but _________________ to answer (tutor/do)
- But you must be _________________ and clear in addressing these ____________ questions. (communicate/complicate)
- It is sometimes ____________________and _________________ to start studying two months before the test. (use/ help).
- Having ____________ partners in a study group will make studying for a test even more fun. (rely)
- Having good study habits, such as good ______________ skills, thorough notes and some nmemonics will help in your _______________ as a person later on. (organize/develop).
- The night before the test, it is ______________ not to drink caffeine nor alcohol and to get a ___________ amount of sleep. (advise/ manage).
- On the day of the test, be _____________ and think positive. After the test, you can __________! (confide/party).