The word “shun” is one of the worst words a person practicing Christianity can say when practicing their religious faith. To shun someone means to exclude him or her from a religion or club for actions considered a violation of the code of conduct. Martin Luther was shunned by the Catholic Church for his publication of his 95 Theses in 1517, questioning the Pope in Rome about the way people believe in Christ, the sale of Indulgences, and excluding people from the Church, giving the rights to read the Bible in Latin to the privileged ones. In other words, his accusation against the Church for its exclusion ended in his own excommunication.
Look at the last sentence closely: accusation, exclusion and excommunication. While the first word means to defer responsibility to the Church for its actions, the last two mean the same as shun. However, in grammatical terms, they all share one common denominator: they all ended in “-shun!”
It is sometimes difficult to find out the rules involving suffixes for all words in the English language because even though they change the grammatical function of the words (derivation between nouns, verbs, adjectives and adverbs), the rules of pronunciation and the meaning of the words after adding the suffixes are different, thus making it difficult to work with this topic.
There are some suffixes, like the “shunned ones-” the theme of this article, where one can look at the pattern behind the spelling of the words and how they are pronounced. This is the case here. The “shunned ones” feature words, whose suffix endings consist of the following: -tion, -sion, -cation, -zation, -sation, -cial, -tial, -tian, -cian, and in a couple cases, -science.
Examples of such words are found below:
special, nation, technician, organization, realisation, and conscience
Note the endings marked in cursive. With the exception of nation, all of the aforementioned comprises of a root word, plus a “shunned” suffix, whose pronuncialtion starts with an “sh-” sound. Hence the word shun. 😉 As a general rule, regardless of the number of syllables in each word with a shunned one, the stress is always at the second to the last syllable, as seen in the examples below:
special, technician, organization, communication, commercial
In German, because many words have similar meanings, especially with those with “-ion”, the stress is at the end of the word. However, as some words have -sierung- as equivalents, the “-sier-” portion is stressed, not the “-ung.”
Here are some exercises that will help you practice your pronunciations with the “shunned ones.” Enjoy! 😀
Exercise 1. Practice pronouncing the following “shunned words” and determine the meanings in your own words, and (in some cases), your own native language. Notice the difference?
-cian/-tian: physician, pediatrician, mathematician, logician, politician, electrician, mortician, optician, magician, musician, Christian
Note: These endings indicate that they represent personal nouns.
-tion: evolution, emancipation, citation, devotion, emotion, station, annexation, devastation, commotion, procrastination, affirmation, confirmation, explanation
-sion: confusion, inclusion, exclusion, expulsion, introversion, conversion, inversion, diversion, division, recession, procession, percussion, concussion, collision, commission
Note: These endings indicate that they are nouns that represent events.
-zation: utilization, organization, memorization, internationalization, localization, regionalization, urbanization, McDonaldization, rationalization
-cation: classification, clarification, gratification, personification, unification, implication, medication, fortification, identification, modofication, vacation
Note: These endings deal with nouns representing process. The German equivalents are mostly -sierung, but there are some that end with -barkeit. A link to McDonaldization is highlighted.
-cial: beneficial, special, social, crucial, official, judicial, psychosocial, facial, multiracial, spacial, financial, glacial, artificial, provincial.
-tial: confidential, spatial, celestial, preferential, presidential, essential, exponential, torrential, potential, residential, martial, differential.
Note: These endings function mainly as adjectives, although a few of them function as nouns.
Exercise 2. Tongue Twisters:
The emancipation, regionalization, localization, annexation, proclamation, creation of a nation creates great communication.
The obsession of a procession makes a concussion caused by collision due to inclusion by the commission.
She was essential, she was special, she was residential, she was social, she was an official.
Vacation is the best medication against gratification of the mummification not mortification nor gasification nor petrification nor personification of the co-worker.
The unionization of an organization makes rationalization an Americanization through the categorization of the barbarianization of the generalization of the republicanization of this country.
How many physicians, pediatricians, mathematicians, logicians, politicians, electricians, morticians, opticians, magicians, beauticians, and musicians do we need to make a good Christian?
Evolution makes pollution; revolution makes execution; prostitution makes prosecution; distribution makes resolution; dillusion makes institution.
Shunned means the exclusion, expulsion, excommunication, circumvention, polarization, isolation, decomission, rejection, elimination of a person from an institution because of a revolution, insubordination, insurrection and damnation of its organization.
And for the record, that was what happened to Martin Luther in 1517. But he lived to start the revolution that led to the establishment of the Lutheran Church. 😉
God bless that man. Amen!